The Symptoms And Types Of Hypertension

Hypertension has several symptoms, high blood pressure Systemic, arterial hypertension or hypertensive heart disease but the commonest variety of hypertension is know as essential hypertension. Strangely enough there is no part of the world that hypertension is completely absent, hypertension is a medical condition that tends to favour some people more than others, this is the reason there are several names for the illness in different parts of the world .

It’s more popular among the elite class and the socialites of our present world, it is even on debate that it should be considered a symptoms complex and not a disease state. The proponents say it is too common to be classified as a disease since it is even without any specific symptoms of its own yet it herald some detrimental disorder such as kidney failure or nerve paralysis, so many regards it as a symptom of a bigger disorder.

But I think illness incapacitate and annihilate. And hypertension can stylishly perform both of these tasks and it will do them very accurately too. To me illness are treated with drugs and high blood pressure is known to respond to several drugs. Arterial hypertension or systemic hypertension is the common type. It affects the heart and the general blood circulation. The unpopular hypertension is in various categories. This type affects organs and tissues of the body they have no direct link with high performance of the heart itself . A good example is the type which affect the lungs and the blood flows to the airway . This is called ‘pulmonary hypertension’ [pulmo is latin word for the lungs]

There are some other unpopular types of hypertension too and they include ocular hypertension which means that the eyeball structure are under an increased influence of tension from the fluids bathing them .

This results is some degree of visual disturbance or even blindness. A good evidence of ocular hypertension is the illness of the eye called glaucoma. Another beautiful subgroups of the unpopular variety of hypertension is the one which afflicts the liver. The liver may be diseased and it may be working under an increased pressure . This means that blood flow is greatly impeded and its general workability is impaired . This type of hypertension is called portal hypertension. It is a notable killer among alcoholics hepatitis.

There is post traumatic hypertension too and it is high blood pressure which is sequel to an accident, often a near fatal one . Also there is high blood pressure arising from defective ductless gland function. It is referred to as hypertension of endocrine origin . Some other variant do exist of the popular class of arterial hypertension and they include the unstable blood pressure disorder such as labile hypertension and paroxysmal hypertension , but there are other two not well know subgroups of the popular arterial high blood pressure disorder that must be mentioned .

They are the arterial hypertensive heart disorder caused solely by pregnancy or that which has been corrected by surgery, these high blood pressure states are respectively called pregnancy induced hypertension [PH] and surgically correctable hypertension.

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Basics Of Hypertension

In case of hypertension a person’s blood pressure is considered to be above normal in the arteries. High blood pressure is also called as hypertension. Hypertension can defined into two types. They are primary and secondary hypertension. The cause of the excess pressure in unknown in case of primary hypertension.

But there is some cause for secondary high pressure. Major organs like kidney and heart are affected by this type. In case of chronic hypertension then it may lead to problems like heart attack and stroke. Medicines do help in someway to reduce the impact of hypertension. But changing the way a person eat and the way he lives can help to get rid of hypertension.

Hypertension Kinds

High pressure is identified on the basis of systole and diastolic blood pressures. Diastolic pressure is recorded when the heart expands, systole pressure is recorded at the time when heart contracts.

In case both the systolic and diastolic readings are high than the normal hypertension readings then the person is said to have hypertension.

After this the condition is again classified as hypertension1, hypertension2 and finally isolated hypertension. In case when the readings of systolic blood pressure is higher and the readings of diastolic blood pressure is lower then that is considered to be isolated systolic hypertension.

This kind of isolated systolic hypertension in common in aged people. Some people along with high pressure they will also have diabetes and kidney problems. These kind of people need special care and treatment.

When in case if the hypertension does not respond to any kind of treatment then it is called resistive type.

Exercise Hypertension

Pressure increases to a certain extent when a person exercises. But when it increases to abnormal levels then it is called exercise hypertension. Physicians use exercise hypertension to monitor the patient and decide if they can have high pressure when they are at rest.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

When a person feels giddy, out of mind and has some vision problems along with vomiting then there is high chance that the person can have high blood pressure. When the small blood vessels are squeezed brain swells. If these problems are not treated at early stage then it cannot be cured.

In case of kids, the symptoms can be lack of energy, headache, uneasy breathing, paralysis in face and nasal bleeding.

Secondary hypertension:

Another major cause of hypertension is imbalance in the hormone secretion. This will also increase blood pressure.

If a person is very fat and has some purple stretches in the under belly then it is called Cushing’s syndrome. Mixture of both diabetes and hypertension is also known as Cushing’s syndrome.

Abnormal secretion of hormone is called hyperthyroidism. This can also cause high pressure.

Along with these symptoms and other causes present in the individuals physicians conclude upon hypertension and then classify it.

Connection between pregnancy and hypertension

When a woman is pregnant it is normal to get hypertension. This kind of hypertension is temporary in nature. But in a few cases it may cause serious side effects like protein content in urine, swelling in whole body etc.

What You Should Know About High Blood Pressure (HBP) – Hypertension During Pregnancy

First of all, when we talk about pregnancy hypertension, we must remember that this condition does not prevent a woman from having a healthy, full-term baby. Having said that, it is also a fact that high blood pressure or hypertension during pregnancy could prove to be risky both for the mother and the baby.

It is also a fact that women who are genetically prone to HBP or who are patients of chronic hypertension are more likely to have a more complicated pregnancy when compared to normal healthy women.

How often do we find cases of pregnancy hypertension?

According to official estimation, in the US, 6 to 8% pregnancies have high blood pressure problems and 65% of these problematic pregnancies occur with women who are pregnant for the first time. The ill effects of high blood pressure during pregnancy include damage to the kidneys of the mother, premature delivery and low birth weight of the baby and a condition called pre-eclampsia which is basically a toxemia during pregnancy, which can be dangerous for both the mother and the baby.

While pregnancy is a condition that fills any woman with endless joy, it is also the time when your doctor would monitor your blood pressure, including several other aspects of your health. Blood pressure monitoring is important because of a condition called pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) that raises the blood pressure of a would-be mother.

During the last half of your term, if your blood pressure were above 140/90 mmHg, then your doctor would diagnose you as a patient of pregnancy-induced hypertension. This condition can be of two forms, preeclamsia and exclampsia both of which are major reasons for infant and maternal mortality in the US.

This condition is found in about 5 to 10% of all pregnancies in this country, and till now there are no pregnancy hypertension causes known. It is considered that this condition could have its root during early pregnancy during the time when the embryo is getting implanted. While during normal pregnancy the uterine blood vessels are relaxed, pregnancy hypertension women have unusually constricted blood vessels, which could be a plausible explanation for pregnancy hypertension.

Some of the pre-disposing risk factors for HBP during pregnancy are: when the mother’s age is below 20 or above 35; when the mother has a history of diabetes; is already a patient of HBP or hypertension before pregnancy.

There are several types of pregnancy hypertension, of which the three main are:

  • Gestational hypertension: The most common pregnancy hypertension when the woman has a blood pressure of 140/90 during the last half of her term. No pregnancy hypertension symptoms are visible in this type of condition.
  • Preeclampsia: A more serious type of pregnancy disorder, this is diagnosed when the blood pressure reading is more than 140/90 in the last 20 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Eclampsia: One of the most dangerous forms of pregnancy hypertension where it may cause the woman to go into a coma.

Some of the common pregnancy hypertension symptoms include blood pressure readings above 140/90; protein found in the urine (caused by damaged kidney); swelling of face and neck; blurred vision; headache; nausea; vomiting; abdominal pain, etc. Patient education for hypertension in pregnancy is an extremely important point for consideration for all would-be mothers.

Take time off to scan through the Internet and visit forums that deal exclusively with pregnancy and possible complications, which may arise during this critical phase of your life.

Be that as it may, there is no known pregnancy hypertension cure or treatment. If pregnancy hypertension is detected towards late during the period, doctors usually advise complete bed rest and regular blood pressure monitoring. Doctor may also decide to prescribe some drug for hypertension but the best pregnancy hypertension treatment is the birth of the baby.

Once the newborn arrives, most problems simply disappear. In case pregnancy hypertension is detected during the early part of the pregnancy, your doctor would ask you to decide whether to carry the pregnancy full term or opt for an early c-section.

Hypertension; Facts You Need

WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?

Hypertension is derived from two root words; Hyper meaning High and Tension meaning Pressure. Hypertension simply means high blood pressure. Pressure is the force generated when the heart contracts and pump blood through the blood vessels that conduct the blood to various parts of the blood.
Although hypertension does not mean or result from excessive emotional tension, but evidence shows that stress and emotional tension do cause increase in blood pressure, and if continuous, could be sustained.
High blood pressure is therefore generally defined as a blood pressure exceeding 140/90mmHg confirmed on multiple occasions. The top number (140) is called the SYSTOLIC PRESSURE, and it represents the pressure in the blood vessels (arteries) as the heart contracts and pump blood into circulation. The bottom number (90) is called DIASTOLIC PRESSURE, and it represents the pressure in the blood vessels as the heart relaxes after contraction. These figures measured in millimeters of Mercury (mmHg) reflect the highest and lowest pressures the heart and blood vessels are exposed to during circulation. The generally accepted normal value for blood pressure is 120/80mmHg. Above this value but less than 140/90mmHg is not considered to be hypertensive yet but signals danger, it is therefore called High normal.

An elevation of the blood pressure (Hypertension) increases the risk of developing Heart (Cardiac) diseases such as Heart Failure and Heart attack, Kidney diseases, Vascular diseases like athelosclerosis (hardening and narrowing of blood vessels), Eye damage and Stroke (brain damage).
These complications called End organ damage arise as a result of long standing (chronic) hypertension. But victims of hypertension are not aware, at an early stage, that they have the disease, until these complications start appearing. This is because hypertension shows virtually no signs/symptoms at the early stage. For this reason, it is generally referred to as the ‘Silent Killer’.

The damage caused by hypertension increases in severity as the blood pressure increases. Based on this hypertension can be classified as follows:

CATEGORY SYSTOLIC(mmHg) DIASTOLIC(mmHg)
Normal Less than 130 Less than 85
High Normal 130 – 139 85 – 89
Mild Hypertension 140 – 159 90 – 99
Moderate Hypertension 160 – 179 100 – 109
Severe Hypertension 180 – 209 110 – 119
Very Severe Hypertension Greater than 210 Greater than 120

BORDERLINE HYPERTENSION.

Borderline Hypertension is defined as mildly elevated blood pressure that is found to be higher than 140/90mmHg at some times and lower than that at other times.

Patients with borderline value need to have their blood pressure monitored more frequently. They also need to assess end organ damage to be aware of the significance of their hypertension.

It should, however, be emphasized that patients with borderline hypertension have a higher tendency to develop a more sustained hypertension as they get older. They stand a modest risk of having heart related diseases. A close monitoring of their blood pressure and lifestyles could be very useful in this regard.

WHITE COAT HYPERTENSION

A single elevated blood pressure reading in the doctor’s office could be misleading, because the elevation might only be temporary. Evidence over the years has shown that anxiety related to the stress of the examination and fear of the result often result in blood pressure elevation noticed in the doctor’s office only. Infact, it has been suggested that one out of every four persons thought to have mild hypertension, actually may have normal blood pressure outside the physician’s office. This sort of elevated blood pressure noticed in the physician’s office is called ‘White Coat Hypertension’. Suggesting that the white coat, symbolic of the physician, induces the patient’s anxiety and a passing increase in blood pressure. Accordingly, monitoring of blood pressure at home, when in a more relaxed state of mind, can provide a more reliable estimate of the frequency and/or consistency of blood pressure changes.

WHAT CAUSES HYPERTENSION?

The Blood pressure is determined by two major parameters; Cardiac output i.e. the volume of blood pumped by the heart, and the Total peripheral resistance i.e. the resistance of the blood vessels through which blood flows. Hypertension is therefore an end result of either increased force of pumping by the heart, or constriction/narrowing of blood vessels causing increased resistance to blood flow or both.
Using the cause of hypertension as a yardstick, two major types of hypertension can be described;

Essential Hypertension

Secondary hypertension

The former also called Primary or Idiopathic hypertension is by far the most prevalent type of hypertension. It accounts for over 90% of all hypertension cases. No clear cut cause(s) can be identified for this type of accommodation, hence the name Idiopathic.

The later accounts for less than 10% of all cases. In this case, the hypertension is secondary to an existing abnormality in one or more systems or organs of the body. The most common causes are related to kidney and hormonal problems. The persistent uncontrolled use of contraceptives, especially in females over 35years of age fall under hormonal causes of hypertension.

Since no clear-cut cause(s) can be adduce for the most common types of hypertension, as with the case with most non-communicable diseases, we therefore talk in terms of ‘Risk Factors’ and not causes. These Risk Factors are actions/inactions that increases chances of getting a disease. Several researches over the years have shown that some factors are directly or indirectly related to the occurrence of hypertension. Some of the factors include:

HEREDITARY: High blood pressure tends to run in some families and races. It is believed that some inherited traits predispose some people to hypertension. For example, high blood pressure tends to be more prevalent in blacks than whites.

A family history of hypertension increases one chances of high blood pressure. Regular monitoring of blood pressure becomes very vital.
HIGH SALT INTAKE: High intake of Sodium Chloride (table salt) has being linked to high blood pressure. The condition develops mostly in societies or communities that have a fairly high intake of salt, exceeding 5.8grams daily. In fact, salt intake may be a particularly important factor in relation to essential hypertension that is associated with advancing age, black racial background, hereditary susceptibility, obesity and kidney failure. Research has shown that:

a. Rise in blood pressure with age is directly related to increase level of sat intake, especially in blacks.

b. People who consume little sodium chloride develop no high blood pressure when they consume more, hypertension appears.

c. Increased Sodium is found in the blood vessels and blood of most hypertensives.

Cutting down on salt intake is therefore a reasonable step in preventing hypertension

OBESITY:

A close relationship exists between hypertension and obesity. In fact it is believed that most hypertensives are more than 10% overweight. Fat accumulation in the trunk or abdomen is not only related to hypertension but also to diabetes and hyperlipideamia (excess fat in the body). Obesity can contribute to hypertension in several ways. For one thing, obesity leads to a greater output of blood, because the heart has to pump more blood to supply the excess tissues. The increased cardiac output then can raise the blood pressure. For another thing, obese hypertensive individuals have a greater stiffness (resistance) in the peripheral arteries throughout the body. Finally, obesity may be associated with a tendency for the kidneys to retain salt in the body. Weight loss may help reverse problems related to obesity while also lowering blood pressure. It has been estimated that the blood pressure can be decreased 0.32mmHg for every 1kg (2.2pounds) of weight loss.

The International standard for measuring overweight and obesity is based on a value called BODY MASS INDEX (BMI). This value is derived by dividing the body weight (in Kilograms) by the square of height (in Metres).

i.e. BMI = Body weight (Kg)

Height2 (Metres).
Note: 1ft = 0.305metres.
For adults, a BMI less than 25kg/m2 is preferred.
25 – 29kg/m2 is considered overweight and above 30kg/m2 is Obesity.

LACK OF EXERCISE:

Sedentary normal individuals have a 20 – 50% higher risk of developing hypertension when compared to very active individuals. Exercise lowers both systolic and diastolic blood pressures. For example dynamic exercises such as brisk walking or jogging, swimming or bicycle ridding for 30 – 45mins daily or 3-5times a week may lower blood pressure by as much as 5 – 15mmHg. Moreover, there appears to be a relationship between the amount of exercise and the degree to which blood pressure is lowered. Thus, to a point, the more you exercise, the more you lower your blood pressure. Provided you do not over strain yourself. Normally, a particularly type of exercise is started, and gradually built up to a satisfactory level over time. Regular exercise reduces blood pressure, burn out unnecessarily fat and also makes the body healthier.

ALCOHOL AND SMOKING:

These two constitute the social factors most related to high blood pressure. People who drink alcohol excessively (over two drinks per day) have a one and half to two times increase in the frequency of hypertension. The association between alcohol and high blood pressure becomes particularly noticeable when the alcohol intake exceeds the above per day. Moreover, the connection is a dose related phenomenon. In other words, the more alcohol consumed, the stronger the chances of hypertension. This, probably will explain the prevalence of hypertension in populations where alcohol consumption is a habit.

Although smoking increases the risk of vascular complications (for example, heart diseases and stroke) in people who already have hypertension, it cannot be directly linked with increase in the development of hypertension. Nevertheless, smoking a cigarette can repeatedly produce an immediate, temporary rise in blood pressure of 5 – 10mmHg, but a permanent increase cannot be established. However, it is known that some substances in cigarette, e.g. nicotine, alters the composition of the blood and also affects the blood vessels.

Smoking and alcohol control are integral part of any effort towards the primary control of cardiovascular diseases in any population.
STRESS: Although the role of stress and other emotional factors in hypertension is difficult to define. However, it is known that stress causes a physiological rise in blood pressure and this could be sustained if the stress becomes chronic (prolonged).

A STICH IN TIME

Since lifestyle components such as dietary patterns, obesity, physical activity, alcohol and smoking have been recognized as important risk factors, steps to reduce the occurrence of hypertension or to alleviate the condition (for those who are hypertensives) should involve lifestyle modification.

Dietary modifications include restricting salt intake cutting down or cutting out alcohol, reduced fat consumption, and reducing weight if overweight. The American Heart Association recommends a daily consumption of less than 6grams of table salt for normal individuals, and less than 4grams for hypertensives.

A regular exercise program such as brisk walking, jogging, swimming, cycling e.t.c.
for 30 – 45mins daily or 3-5 times a week could be very helpful.

Conclusively, it is very important to remember that the only way to know if one’s blood pressure is on the high side is by taking your blood pressure frequently. Normally, your doctor would do that for you. But for a more consistent and reliable monitor of blood pressure, a self-operated blood pressure monitor is crucial. Being very handy and always around, it allows you to follow up your blood pressure regularly and report an increase immediately.

Finally, always remember the WHO slogan “Know your Blood Pressure, if it’s high have it treated”. A healthy Heart adds life to years.
A stitch in time, they say, saves nine.

Hypertension – Causes and Symptoms

With a rapid change in lifestyles, work pressures, a fast paced life or even personal habits, hypertension has come across as a medical issue of significant magnitude and serious concern.

The condition is vastly prevalent in both, developing and developed countries. In United States, 67 million people are afflicted by hypertension, which is nearly one in every three adults, and only half of these people (47%) have the condition under control. Some other medical disorders which are equally risky are also attributed to the condition. Around 7 in 10 people who have their first heart attack are afflicted by hypertension. And the same stands true for stroke as well. Around 8 in 10 people who suffer from their first stroke have high blood pressure. Moreover, hypertension is very often linked with kidney ailments, and if one is suffering from a kidney disease, his chances of contracting hypertension are higher.

What is hypertension?

When our heart beats, it pumps blood through the entire body by means of arteries, and blood pressure is defined as the force of blood on the vessel walls. Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure.

When one’s blood pressure is higher, the heart is required to pump harder, and the condition is called hypertension. This is a condition that has many effects on our body. It could cause damage to organs and many illnesses as well, such as kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke or aneurysm, which is swelling of arteries or cardiac chambers.

Normal levels of blood pressure should be below 120/80, wherein 120 is the peak blood pressure in arteries and 80 is the minimum blood pressure in arteries. When blood pressure reaches the limit of 140/90, the condition is known as hypertension.

If one suffers from high blood pressure due to unknown causes, it is known as essential blood pressure. But hypertension may be caused due to secondary causes, such as kidney disorders or tumors, and the same is known as secondary hypertension.

The condition is more prevalent in adults and seniors, but even those younger, teens and children could be at risk. About two million teens and children in United States are afflicted by hypertension.

What causes hypertension?

There are some factors which are known to enhance the risk of occurrence of hypertension. These include smoking, being obese or overweight, not getting regular exercise in everyday life, or even high levels of salt intake.

Similarly, insufficient consumption of calcium, magnesium or potassium from our diets, a deficiency of Vitamin D or higher alcohol consumption increase the chances of prevalence of hypertension. Stress makes one more vulnerable to hypertension, and even genetics, or a prior family history of hypertension makes one more likely to contract the condition. Kidney ailments, some thyroid problems or tumors also make one more vulnerable to hypertension.

How can one find out if he has hypertension?

Some symptoms of hypertension include severe headaches, chest pain, dizziness, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, nausea, problems with breathing, or blood in the urine. However, it very often happens that a person suffering from hypertension does not have any of these symptoms. This is common, and one in three people who are afflicted by hypertension do exhibit any of the symptoms of hypertension. So one must try and make sure that he goes for periodic blood screening tests, even if no symptoms of high blood pressure are prevalent.

Hypertension 101 – Is There a Difference Between High Blood Pressure and Hypertension?

Hypertension 101 is another article in a series on high blood pressure. For a complete list of hypertension symptoms, see the article ‘High Blood Pressure Symptoms.’ A hypertension treatment is also covered in other articles in this series.

Hypertension is the medical term used to describe high blood pressure. The two terms are often used interchangeably, but typically, the term ‘high blood pressure’ is used when referring to a blood pressure reading consistently above 140/90 mmHg. The term ‘pre-hypertension’ or ‘pre-hypertensive’ is used when the systolic (top number) reading is consistently between 120 and 139 or the diastolic (bottom number) reading is consistently between 80 and 89. Those in the pre-hypertension range are more likely to develop high blood pressure.

Essential Hypertension

When the underlying cause of high blood pressure is not determined, it is classified as ‘essential hypertension.’ It’s also referred to as ‘primary hypertension.’ Of those patients with high blood pressure, 90-95 percent are diagnosed with essential hypertension. The medical expression, ‘idiopathic’ is also used to describe an illness without an obvious cause.

Secondary Hypertension

When the cause of hypertension is clearly identified or determined, it is diagnosed as secondary hypertension. This diagnosis can be the result of a number of health issues, including:

  • Medication side effects
  • Some types of cancers and tumors
  • Kidney problems
  • Pregnancy

Pregnancy Hypertension

Hypertension is a common medical problem experienced during pregnancy. This type of hypertension is classified into the four following categories:

  • Chronic hypertension
  • Preeclampsia-eclampsia
  • Preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension
  • Gestational hypertension

The term ‘gestational hypertension’ has replaced the older term of ‘pregnancy induced hypertension’ and is a more accurate description. Preeclampsia and toxemia – disorders of gestational hypertension – are responsible for more than 76,000 maternal deaths and more than 500,000 infant deaths annually.

Hypertension Statistics for the United States

  • More than 56,000 people were killed by hypertension in the United States in 2006
  • One-in-three adults has hypertension (about 74.5 million people)
  • In 2006, of those experiencing hypertension, 77.6% were aware of their condition, only 67.9% were being treated, more than 44% had it under control and over 55% didn’t have it under control
  • The death rate from hypertension between 1996 to 2006 increased 19.5% and the number of deaths went up 48.1%

Patients taking a certain beta-blocker have a 51% greater chance to develop new onset diabetes compared to those taking a calcium channel blocker. Be sure to carefully consider the many adverse side effects when taking high blood pressure medications. Often one medication will cause severe and deadly side effects while trying to control a separate condition.

Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) Statistics

  • More than 2 million serious ADRs occur annually
  • More than 106,000 deaths are caused annually from ADRs
  • 350,000 ADRs occur among nursing home patients

Mixing prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs can be fatal. OTC drugs that contain alcohol and antihistamine slow the heart rate and suppress breathing, making them deadly when taken with a narcotic drug.

If you suffer from hypertension, eliminating the causes should be your top priority. For everyone else, prevention should be the first concern. And the first step is learning how one tiny toxin that’s found in many consumable items can affect your blood pressure and health. Eliminating it from your life will help you take control of both your blood pressure and your health.

Hypertension Symptoms and Natural Hypertension Treatments

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, is caused by the pressure due to excessive pumping of the heart..It is one of the leading causes of death in the world today. In addition to being a deadly condition, hypertension can also cause damage to vital organs like the liver, brains, kidneys and the heart. Unfortunately, people suffering from hypertension may not even be aware of that condition till it becomes too serious a problem. Blood pressure measure always has two readings, one taken when the heart is beating and the other when the heart is at rest. The normal values for these two readings are 140 and 90 respectively.

Causes of Hypertension:
There are two types of hypertension. One occurs due to the increase in the pressure of the heart while beating., mostly due to old age. This type of hypertension called essential hypertension or primary hypertension. This condition can be controlled with the proper precautions, and many people with essential hypertension may live for eighty years or more. The other called Malignant hypertension occurs due to the disorders of any of the vital organs, such as the brain, the liver and the kidneys. Hormonal imbalances can also cause hypertension in some cases. These are very fatal and need to remedied urgently. Malignant Hypertension is also called Secondary Hypertension

Hypertension Symptoms:
Some of the common symptoms of hypertension are:
• Giddiness, Dizziness and a Feeling of Instability.
• Palpitations.
• Insomnia (inability to sleep well).
• Digestive problems and Constipation.

Treatment of Hypertension:

Hypertension, like any other physical disorder needs to be treated by a physician. Yet, hypertension, not being a disease but only a condition can be controlled through diet, exercise and adjustment of lifestyle. There are several claims about “cures” for hypertension through use of herbal medicines and other remedies. I do not like to go into the merits of these claims.

But there is a simple method which does not involve use of any drugs or remedies. This technique called Slow Breathing can bring down your blood pressure quickly and almost effortlessly. This method has medical recognition – FDA approved, easy to use and practicable by all. This method has been used and endorsed by such institutions of repute as the Harvard Medical School, The Mayo Clinic, Rush-Presbyterian Hospital and the American Heart Association.

Studies published in the Journal of Human Hypertension and numerous other respected medical journals reveal that:

Breathing slowly and deeply (less than 10 breaths per minute) for 10 to 15 minutes a day while extending exhalation results in significant reductions in blood pressure. That is because gentle, slow breathing acts like a natural safety valve to relax muscle tension, especially in the chest area, allowing constricted blood vessels to open and relieve pressure on the heart.

It literally takes a load off your chest!

What Are Hypertension Symptoms?

Hypertension or better known as “high blood pressure” is a very dangerous disease. It is often called the “silent killer” because most of the people suffering from hypertension do not know that they already have it. There are basically no hypertension symptoms at all. You will only know that you have hypertension if you have your blood pressure regularly checked. If you have a family member or a relative who is suffering from hypertension, you are most likely a candidate to have the disease as well.

If you have an extremely high blood pressure, you may experience the following hypertension symptoms below:

o Severe chronic headaches

o Physical and mental stress

o Vision problems (blurry vision)

o Chest congestion and pain

o Breathing problems

o Irregular heartbeats (palpitations)

o Blood in the urine

If you are experiencing any of the above hypertension symptoms, it is best to immediately consult a doctor for proper treatment. It is possible that you could be suffering from hypertensive crisis already and it is very dangerous because it may lead to stroke or heart attack. Hypertension can also lead to other serious ailments like kidney and eye problems. It is best to have your blood pressure checked so that you will know if it is within the normal level.

There are several categories of high blood pressure. They are the following below:

o Normal: Less than 120/80

o Pre-hypertension: 120-139/80-89

o Stage 1 hypertension: 140-159/90-99

o Stage 2 hypertension: 160 and above/100 and above

Since there are no hypertension symptoms at all, preventive measures should be taken. Proper diet like eating foods low in sodium (salt), cholesterol and saturated fat can be an effective way of avoiding high blood pressure. Eating foods that are high in potassium and calcium like fruits, vegetables, low-calorie dairy products and wheat is very good for lowering high blood pressure.

Also, most hypertensive people are obese. An obese person is someone who weighs more than 30% of what their normal weight should be. It is necessary for obese people to lose weight to reduce the risk of hypertension. Regular exercise is not only the key to losing weight but it also helps develop good heart and lungs.

Proper attention to the hypertension symptoms above can help you detect hypertension at an early stage. However, you can never be sure. It is still best to have your blood pressure regularly checked. And it is also best that you consult your doctor immediately if you think you are a candidate for hypertension. Always remember that “an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure”.

Urgent Hypertension

When a patient has a sustained diastolic blood pressure greater than 120 mm Hg but doesn’t develop complications, he has urgent hypertension. This condition can develop quickly over several days or take as long as several weeks. It can result from noncompliance with the prescribed antihypertensive regimen, stress, or drugs that stimulate the sympathetic nervous system, such as cough and cold preparations and anesthetic agents.

Its Diagnostic Tests

To distinguish urgent hypertension from emergency hypertension, a physician may order electrocardiography (ECG) and various blood, urine, and imaging tests . If your patient has urgent hypertension, the tests will reveal no organ damage; however, they may indicate minor changes in cardiac, cerebrovascular, and renal function.

l increase in pressure. Thus, the organs tend to be spared.

What is Emergency Hypertension?

Emergency hypertension is characterized by a sudden, sustained elevation of diastolic blood pressure. About 1 % of patients diagnosed with hypertension experience this complication. It’s most common in African-Americans ages 40 to 50 with primary hypertension.

The speed at which blood pressure rises during emergency hypertension causes more destruction than the elevated pressure itself. So treatment must be initiated as quickly as possible to prevent the complication from becoming life threatening.

If untreated, emergency hypertension results in significant damage to organs such as the heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes. It can also damage the peripheral vascular system. And a patient not treated for his emergency hypertension has a 90% risk of dying within 2 years of its onset. However, if the complication is treated swiftly, the chances of survival improve dramatically.

Many conditions can cause emergency hypertension to develop in a patient with primary hypertension . However, because increased public awareness of hypertension has resulted in improved blood pressure control, emergency hypertension is seen in fewer patients with primary hypertension.

If emergency hypertension occurs in a patient under age 30 or over age 60 who isn’t known to have hypertension, consider a secondary cause. Many cases of emergency hypertension result from the use of phencyclidine, lysergic acid diethylamide, amphetamines, cocaine, or crack-cocaine.

Complications of emergency hypertension include acute pulmonary edema, chest pain, dissecting aortic aneurysm, hypertensive encephalopathy, renal failure, and intracerebral hemorrhage.

Health History

Because emergency hypertension requires immediate treatment, quickly obtain a complete health history to help determine the cause of the condition. Ask your patient about any family history of hypertension and underlying diseases, such as heart failure, aortic dissection, ischemic heart disease, and renal failure.

Determine if your patient has diabetes. If he does, keep in mind that you won’t be able to tell whether renal or retinal damage results from diabetes or from emergency hypertension.

Ask which drugs he takes, including antihypertensive and other prescription, over-the-counter, and illicit drugs.

Hypertension – The Silent Killer

Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure, that is, the blood pressure is higher than normal or at an elevated state. Hypertension tends to affect the working age group that is often associated with high-stress conditions in the workplace. If hypertension is not controlled, those suffering may become a huge burden on the health system due to serious health problems. Hypertension is classified into two types, primary and secondary. Primary hypertension is high blood pressure that shows no specific cause. However, certain diet drugs can be suspect. Hypertension is not caused by tension or stress, even though some believe it is. Secondary hypertension may be the result of an underlying or dormant disorder. It is estimated to affect more than 50 million Americans and is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular and renal disease. It is also a leading cause of stroke, heart disease and kidney failure.

Hypertension can exist in several different forms and symptoms do not appear until it is severely high. It is common in older people and is widely associated with vascular dysfunction in the coronary circulation. When there is excessive pressure against the blood vessel walls and persist over several weeks to months, hypertension is diagnosed. Pressure inside the eye causes both retinopathy and ocular complications. Hypertension can be a serious condition since it can cause damage to many body organs including the kidneys, eyes and heart, among others.

Hypertension is the single most autonomous and important risk for cardiovascular disease, as well as congestive heart failure and even kidney failure. Other factors credited to hypertension are high salt intake, obesity and genetic vulnerability. It can continue for years and not be detected due to lack of symptoms, unless damage has occurred. It is a medical condition that can be a symptom of a dormant disease. The worst effects of hypertension are on the heart, kidneys, eyes and brain. Hypertension is a leading cause of deaths in adults, is a major health care problem and is the single most significant contributor to stroke, one of the biggest killer diseases known to man.

Shortness of breath upon exertion is the most common symptom of pulmonary hypertension and virtually everyone who has the condition develops it. Symptoms may include mild fatigue, dizzy spells, fainting, rapid heartbeat, ankle or leg swelling, bloating, tremors, stooped posture, slowness of movement as well as muscle rigidity. Primary pulmonary hypertension is found two times more often in women as men over age thirty-five. During pregnancy, primary hypertension may be most responsive to dietary calcium.

Diagnosis is by physical examination and renal imaging or measuring the blood pressure. Just about every physical examination includes checking the patient’s blood pressure. A doctor may suspect pulmonary hypertension in people who have an underlying lung disorder. Portal hypertension is implied by the presence of known chronic liver disease such as enlarged spleen.

Treatment varies according to the stage of the disease. Hypertension is controllable with treatment, which may require periodic adjustment. The treatment is often associated with weight loss and increased exercise, but a doctor should be consulted even in cases of pre-hypertension. Hypertension is a very serious condition and should be taken seriously by both patient and doctor. It is commonly treated with drugs that decrease cardiac output and controlled with medications, dietary and lifestyle changes such as giving up smoking, lowering cholesterol and salt intake and exercising on a regular basis. Treatment of patients with primary hypertension is usually directed at the underlying disease. Treatment of high blood pressure significantly reduces the risk of heart problems and stroke. Opening the obstructed renal artery, with or without a stent, usually relieves hypertension.

Some patients may experience excessive daytime sleepiness, loud snoring, morning dry mouth or headaches, chronic nasal obstruction, irritability, depression or impotence. Patients with a diabetic nerve injury will improve if their diabetes is better controlled. Those patients that are overweight, have high stress levels and high intake of caffeine or alcohol, smoke or do not exercise regularly must change their lifestyles to decrease the risk for hypertension. Patients who experience extreme dips in blood pressure at night and extreme surges in the morning, as a rule, stay in the hospital overnight to quickly resume normal activities.