The Causes of Hypertension – Are They Really Unknown?

There are two types of hypertension: primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. Many scientists and doctors do not know the causes of primary hypertension, but they commonly understand that primary hypertension is related with parents, or so called heredity. The secondary hypertension is mostly caused by some underlying conditions.

The causes of hypertension or high blood pressure are unknown if hypertension is categorized as primary hypertension. Yet, sufferers should not be worried about the causes. The first thing you have to do is to visit your doctor and to have you blood pressure measured. Once you know that you have high blood pressure or hypertension, you need to take action immediately. Quit smoking if you are smoker. Cut down your alcohol consumption if you are a drinker. You need to start with your new lifestyle – a healthy lifestyle.

More than 60 percent of people over 65 years old have hypertension. You might not have hypertension when you are 50 years old, but most likely you will develop hypertension in the future. Thus, the prevention of getting hypertension by adopting healthy lifestyle becomes very important. Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition that many people experience in their lives. This hypertension may be permanent if it is a primary one, especially when the sufferer neglects every preventive precaution. On the other hand, some people may suffer from hypertension temporarily. They used to have a healthy lifestyle, do not smoke and do not drink, and exercise daily. However, those people may have a high level of stress due to their working environment, and then develop to get hypertension. If they continue having stress in their life for a long period of time, without any effort to solve it, their hypertension may become permanent.

If you suffer from hypertension caused by stress, you may learn and practice yoga or any other type of meditation. Yoga or meditation has the advantages such as releases your stress, therefore will eliminate your hypertension. Another way to reduce your stress is to take a few days off from your job and take vacation. You have to be very careful for not letting your stress to develop into hypertension.

When all the efforts you have tried to stop hypertension failed, you should look for alternative treatments. Before you adopt any alternative treatment to treat your hypertension, we advise you to see and consult with your doctor.

Useful Information About Hypertension

Hypertension is the medical term for a condition in which the arterial blood pressure is consistently above the normal range. A blood pressure reading consists of two numbers. The number at the top represents systolic pressure. This is the amount of pressure that the heart generates when pumping blood out through the arteries. The number below represents diastolic pressure. This is the amount of pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest, in between beats. When the reading is above the 140 (systolic)/90 (diastolic) range, it denotes hypertension.

Hypertension may be a risk factor for kidney disease, heart disease, stroke and vascular disease. People with hypertension have a risk of suffering heart attacks and strokes, since it puts a strain on the heart by increasing its need for oxygen.

Hypertension can be caused due to several factors. Some factors include hereditary or genetic tendencies, environmental factors, unhealthy eating habits, stress, smoking, and lack of exercise. Other factors that affect the blood pressure are salt content in the body, volume of water in the body, level of various hormones, and obesity.

Identifying, diagnosing, treating and controlling hypertension at an early stage can significantly reduce the risk of developing heart attacks, kidney failure or strokes.


There are two major types of hypertension: Essential or primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension is the most common condition, found in 95 per cent of the cases. It has no definite cause. There are several factors that may act in combination, causing the blood pressure to increase. Secondary hypertension is found in five to ten per cent the cases. Here, the increase in blood pressure is caused by a specific defect in one of the organs in the body. Treating the affected organ can control or cure the hypertension.

Other types of hypertension include malignant hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension, white coat hypertension and resistant hypertension. Malignant hypertension is severe and can lead to damage of organs such as the heart, kidneys and the brain. Isolated systolic hypertension results from age related loss of elasticity of arteries, when the blood pressure is consistently above 160/91 mm Hg. White coat hypertension is caused by anxiety and can be controlled by incorporating changes in lifestyle. Resistant hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure cannot be reduced below 140/90 mm Hg, despite medication.