Causes of Acute Hypertension

Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. If a person has hypertension, it means that the walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure repeatedly. Blood pressure ranges are:

• Normal: Less than 120 over 80 (120/80)
• Stage 1 high blood pressure: 140-159 over 90-99
• Stage 2 high blood pressure: 160 and above over 100 and above

Hypertension is diagnosed when a person’s blood pressure reading is higher than 140/90 on a consistent basis. Acute hypertension can be categorized as primary or secondary. The primary category is assigned in cases where a specific cause for the condition is unknown. Secondary hypertension is caused by another existing condition like kidney disease, or tumors.

Individuals who lead sedentary lifestyles may be at risk of acute hypertension, especially those who practice poor dietary habits. Acute hypertension is caused when the blood vessels become narrowed forcing the heart to work harder at pushing the blood through. This extra effort exerted by the heart also contributes to an increase in pressure. Several lifestyle factors can be the reason for causing hypertension.

CAUSES OF ACUTE HYPERTENSION

The exact causes of hypertension are not known, but several factors and conditions may play a role in its development:

AGE: The older you are, the chances to develop hypertension are higher.

MEDICATIONS: Some medications can cause temporary hypertension. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,weight loss drugs that contain caffeine or other chemicals designed to control the appetite, migraine medicines etc. can lead to high blood pressure and an increased heart rate.

PREGNANCY: Pregnancy-induced hypertension occurs in five to eight percent of all pregnancies. It is accompanied by protein in the urine and swelling. Once childbirth occurs, blood pressure levels usually return to normal.

HIGH SALT INTAKE: Sodium can lead to acute increases in hypertension because of the effects it has on the body. Long-term consumption of high-sodium foods can lead to chronic hypertension.

FAMILY HISTORY: If you have close family members with hypertension, your chances of developing it are significantly higher.

OBESITY/OVERWEIGHT: Both overweight and obese people are more likely to develop hypertension, compared to people of normal weight.

PHYSICAL INACTIVITY: Lack of exercise, as well as having a sedentary lifestyle, raises the risk of hypertension.

HIGH FAT DIET: – A diet high in fat leads to a raised hypertension risk. Fats sourced from plants, such as avocados, nuts, olive oil, etc., as well as omega oils which are common in some types of fish, are good for the body while, saturated fats which are common in animal sourced foods, as well as trans fats are bad.

MENTAL STRESS: Long term mental stress can be reason for hypertension. If the stress is not managed properly it can raise the risk of hypertension.

DIABETES: People with diabetes type 2 are at risk of hypertension due to hyperglycemia, as well as other factors, such as overweight/obesity, certain medications, and some cardiovascular diseases.

ALCOHOL: When alcohol is in the bloodstream, it pushes blood away from the heart. This interferes with blood flow and makes the heart work harder to pump blood. This can cause hypertension.

CAFFEINE: Caffeine intake has the temporary effect of increasing blood pressure in people who usually have normal blood pressure levels.

NICOTINE: The nicotine found in cigarettes causes the blood vessels to become narrower. This constriction of the vessels causes hypertension.

Hypertension is usually a chronic disease that leads to damaging effects on the heart and kidneys. Periodic check up is necessary to know about the variation in the blood pressure levels. If this is found above the normal level, consult immediately with your doctor for advice.

Getting Into Holistic Treatment For Hypertension

Hypertension is considered to be a silent killer. And as American population increases and ages, cases of hypertension also rise. Today, almost 60 million Americans have hypertension. This alarming rate of hypertension cases has led many experts and doctors to come up with a more holistic treatment for hypertension.

In the past decade, various organizations have strongly recommended the insistent reduction of blood pressure among patients as the leading and primary approach to treating hypertension. However, a meeting in 2000 of various cardiologists emphasized the more updated and holistic treatment for hypertension. It further stressed that decreasing and maintaining appropriate blood pressure is not enough. A holistic treatment to hypertension must include a variety of strategies that will prevent further damage to highly susceptible organs like the eyes, brain, heart and kidneys.

This holistic treatment for hypertension indicated that systolic blood pressure should be the primary figure for reviewing and evaluating hypertension cases in middle-aged and older patients. Furthermore, blood pressure must be kept under 140/90 mm Hg reading for the rest of the patient’s lifetime to prevent vulnerable organ damage. This holistic treatment for hypertension also required hypertensive patients with diabetes, kidney disorder and heart failure to strengthen blood pressure management and control. Support for blood pressure targets that align with age was dismissed.

Medications with anti-hypertensive drugs or agents were taken into consideration. As more and more products and drugs become available in the market, patients become more prone to drug misuse. A holistic treatment for hypertension would mean stringent use of prescription and control for over-the-counter anti-hypertensives.

Experts like William Cushman of the University of Tennessee asserted that improvement of lifestyle comprises a holistic treatment for hypertension. According to Cushman, lifestyle change can lower blood pressure. A good exercise consisting of walking for 30 minutes can help decrease blood pressure from 5 mm Hg to 10 mm Hg. Maintaining a manageable and ideal weight must also coincide with the patient’s age and height.

It is said that a weight loss of 5 to 10 kilos can lower blood pressure especially those who are in Stage 1 hypertension. Limit of alcohol intake to two glasses for men weekly and one glass for women every week will also improve condition. Prohibition of smoking and large consumption of sodium, calorie and fat rich foods also make up a holistic treatment for hypertension.

Identifying Causes of Secondary Hypertension

Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. The two types of hypertension are simply referred to as primary and secondary. The main difference between the two is the cause. Basically, when the incidence of hypertension has no known medical cause it is diagnosed as primary hypertension as against secondary hypertension caused by another medical condition.

According to the American Heart Association, 5 to 10 percent of hypertension cases are secondary, meaning the patient has an underlying condition that led to high blood pressure. In this case, treatment of these underlying causes for secondary hypertension is the key to controlling high blood pressure. It is important to restore the normal level of blood pressure because just like how one condition can lead to hypertension, hypertension can lead to several complications as well such as stroke and kidney failure.

Here are common causes of secondary hypertension:

A kidney disorder that develops into kidney failure will lead to excessive amounts of sodium and water being retained in the body, which usually results in hypertension. When high blood pressure sets in, the arteries that carry blood to the kidneys narrow making it difficult for the blood to flow to these organs. This condition will result to one type of hypertension known as renovascular hypertension. In most cases, this can be treated with surgery.

Adrenal tumors that are causes of secondary hypertension are pheochromocytoma, primary aldosteronism, and Cushing’s syndrome. The last two types of adrenal tumors require complicated treatment, which unfortunately is not always effective in lowering blood pressure while removal of the pheochromocytoma has a better chance of treating hypertension.

Certain hormonal imbalances are also possible causes of secondary hypertension such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism or the overproduction and underproduction of the thyroid hormone. Excessive production of the growth hormone by the pituitarygland can also result in hypertension.

A sleeping disorder known as sleep apnea can also lead to hypertension. This condition is characterized by periodic stops in the breathing of a person during sleep. The good thing is that sleep apnea can be effectively treated by the use of a device that continually keeps the person’s airway open when sleeping, thereby, reducing blood pressure considerably.

Certain prescription drugs such as corticosteroids, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, epoetin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can also cause secondary hypertension There are also some over-the-counter medications that can raise blood pressure including common pain relievers, nasal decongestants, and weight-loss products with caffeine. The illegal drugs amphetamine and cocaine are also known to increase the blood pressure.

Because there are a number of causes of secondary hypertension, it is important to learn about them in order to properly identify the appropriate treatment. Treating or controlling the causes of secondary hypertension is crucial to treating the resulting incidence of high blood pressure.