Hypertension – The Silent Killer

Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure, that is, the blood pressure is higher than normal or at an elevated state. Hypertension tends to affect the working age group that is often associated with high-stress conditions in the workplace. If hypertension is not controlled, those suffering may become a huge burden on the health system due to serious health problems. Hypertension is classified into two types, primary and secondary. Primary hypertension is high blood pressure that shows no specific cause. However, certain diet drugs can be suspect. Hypertension is not caused by tension or stress, even though some believe it is. Secondary hypertension may be the result of an underlying or dormant disorder. It is estimated to affect more than 50 million Americans and is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular and renal disease. It is also a leading cause of stroke, heart disease and kidney failure.

Hypertension can exist in several different forms and symptoms do not appear until it is severely high. It is common in older people and is widely associated with vascular dysfunction in the coronary circulation. When there is excessive pressure against the blood vessel walls and persist over several weeks to months, hypertension is diagnosed. Pressure inside the eye causes both retinopathy and ocular complications. Hypertension can be a serious condition since it can cause damage to many body organs including the kidneys, eyes and heart, among others.

Hypertension is the single most autonomous and important risk for cardiovascular disease, as well as congestive heart failure and even kidney failure. Other factors credited to hypertension are high salt intake, obesity and genetic vulnerability. It can continue for years and not be detected due to lack of symptoms, unless damage has occurred. It is a medical condition that can be a symptom of a dormant disease. The worst effects of hypertension are on the heart, kidneys, eyes and brain. Hypertension is a leading cause of deaths in adults, is a major health care problem and is the single most significant contributor to stroke, one of the biggest killer diseases known to man.

Shortness of breath upon exertion is the most common symptom of pulmonary hypertension and virtually everyone who has the condition develops it. Symptoms may include mild fatigue, dizzy spells, fainting, rapid heartbeat, ankle or leg swelling, bloating, tremors, stooped posture, slowness of movement as well as muscle rigidity. Primary pulmonary hypertension is found two times more often in women as men over age thirty-five. During pregnancy, primary hypertension may be most responsive to dietary calcium.

Diagnosis is by physical examination and renal imaging or measuring the blood pressure. Just about every physical examination includes checking the patient’s blood pressure. A doctor may suspect pulmonary hypertension in people who have an underlying lung disorder. Portal hypertension is implied by the presence of known chronic liver disease such as enlarged spleen.

Treatment varies according to the stage of the disease. Hypertension is controllable with treatment, which may require periodic adjustment. The treatment is often associated with weight loss and increased exercise, but a doctor should be consulted even in cases of pre-hypertension. Hypertension is a very serious condition and should be taken seriously by both patient and doctor. It is commonly treated with drugs that decrease cardiac output and controlled with medications, dietary and lifestyle changes such as giving up smoking, lowering cholesterol and salt intake and exercising on a regular basis. Treatment of patients with primary hypertension is usually directed at the underlying disease. Treatment of high blood pressure significantly reduces the risk of heart problems and stroke. Opening the obstructed renal artery, with or without a stent, usually relieves hypertension.

Some patients may experience excessive daytime sleepiness, loud snoring, morning dry mouth or headaches, chronic nasal obstruction, irritability, depression or impotence. Patients with a diabetic nerve injury will improve if their diabetes is better controlled. Those patients that are overweight, have high stress levels and high intake of caffeine or alcohol, smoke or do not exercise regularly must change their lifestyles to decrease the risk for hypertension. Patients who experience extreme dips in blood pressure at night and extreme surges in the morning, as a rule, stay in the hospital overnight to quickly resume normal activities.

The Truth About Uncontrolled Hypertension

Uncontrolled hypertension is a situation whereby high blood pressure of the body is left untreated or uncontrolled (140/90 mm Hg or above). Researches have shown that more than 75 percent of patients with hypertension in the United States of America do not take the necessary steps to control their blood pressure. Hypertension if not controlled or treated properly poses more danger than most people know. This explains why every hypertensive patient should keep a watchful eyes on his or her medical check up so as not to allow the situation degenerate to a point it will be regarded as uncontrolled.

Hypertension that is not properly controlled is caused majorly by few factors such as inadequate medication and non compliance to medical prescription and therapy. The issue of insufficient medication as it relates to untreated hypertension is as a result of high cost of medication for hypertension and fear of side effects that may follow such medication on hypertensive patients. Other factors that can lead to uncontrolled hypertension are poverty and ignorance.

The intake of alcohol in excesses, overlooked overweight, taking the wrong anti hypertensive medicine and the wrong combination of drugs can also make an ordinary hypertension degenerate to a state of uncontrolled hypertension. If high blood pressure must be normalized, these factors need to be drastically checked.

Effects of Uncontrolled Hypertension:

* It can lead to the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

* Recent findings indicate that uncontrolled hypertension exposes the hypertensive patient to a greater chances for mental processes like awareness, perception, reasoning, memory and speech which are all controlled by the brain than normal blood pressure can do.

* A good number of old hypertensive patients with untreated hypertension will also experience a decline in the cognitive functions stipulated above due to the key fact that hypertension tends to pose more resistance among old people.

* Uncontrolled hypertension can also worsen the risk of vascular dementia.

Untreated hypertension is even dangerous than the well known high blood pressure, in that it can lead to such other killer conditions like stroke and other heart problems.

Control Hypertension With Hypertension Exercises

High blood pressure and hypertension when left untreated is known as uncontrolled hypertension. In fact, according to recent research about 75 percent of the people suffering from hypertension in the U.S. do not get effective treatment to manage their high blood pressure. Uncontrolled hypertension is much more dangerous than you might think. One thing patients can do to keep track of their health and any potential hypertension problems is to monitor very closely his or her medical check up and do not allow a hypertension situation degenerate to a level that would be considered uncontrolled.

What are some of the causes of uncontrolled hypertension? As mentioned earlier in this article, simply not paying attention to your medical check up is one reason. Not following prescription medication schedules or therapy is another. The high cost of medications and the fear of side effects can also deter patients from receiving the help they need.

Lifestyle habits can also have a profound affect on hypertension problems. We live in a fast paced society of instant gratification and indulgence. Alcohol, smoking, bad eating habits and overeating are all contributing factors to hypertension, and if left unchecked can lead to uncontrolled hypertension.

The effects of uncontrolled hypertension are many and lead to much lower quality and enjoyment of life. One of the most common and dangerous conditions is cardiovascular disease. Mental processes like reasoning ability and memory can also be adversely affected in hypertensive patients. These problems are even more evident in older people who experience a decline in cognitive functions because older patients have lower resistance to the symptoms of hypertension.

Though high blood pressure and uncontrolled hypertension are closely related, uncontrolled hypertension is more dangerous as it can lead to far more serious conditions including stroke and other cardiac problems.

What are your options.

Millions of Americans see doctors every year for hypertension and other related conditions. Untold millions are spent on treatments and medications that may or may not be very effective. Side affects from medications can also be severe and uncomfortable and as a result, many patients are turning to natural health practitioners and methods to treat hypertension. If you are suffering from the affects of hypertension, there a several things you can do right now to help alleviate some of the symptoms and greatly reduce the condition of hypertension.

1. Exercise. There is no question about it, we have become a very sedentary society. With many of our jobs in an office environment, we just don’t get the exercise we need. Walking is one way to help you get the exercise you need and also reduce hypertension.

2. Diet. Watching what we eat, don’t overeat, and limiting the amount of fat we ingest is a powerful way to lower hypertension. Many hypertension problems are cardiovascular system related. Poor diet can lead to dangerous plaque build up in our veins and arteries, which constricts the blood flow raising blood pressure.

3. Alcohol and smoking. Lowering your alcohol intake and smoking can have a profound affect on hypertension.

Following these simple guidelines will have a profound impact not only on hypertension symptoms, but in overall well being and health as well. It is possible to lower through hypertension exercises designed to treat this condition.