Basics Of Hypertension

In case of hypertension a person’s blood pressure is considered to be above normal in the arteries. High blood pressure is also called as hypertension. Hypertension can defined into two types. They are primary and secondary hypertension. The cause of the excess pressure in unknown in case of primary hypertension.

But there is some cause for secondary high pressure. Major organs like kidney and heart are affected by this type. In case of chronic hypertension then it may lead to problems like heart attack and stroke. Medicines do help in someway to reduce the impact of hypertension. But changing the way a person eat and the way he lives can help to get rid of hypertension.

Hypertension Kinds

High pressure is identified on the basis of systole and diastolic blood pressures. Diastolic pressure is recorded when the heart expands, systole pressure is recorded at the time when heart contracts.

In case both the systolic and diastolic readings are high than the normal hypertension readings then the person is said to have hypertension.

After this the condition is again classified as hypertension1, hypertension2 and finally isolated hypertension. In case when the readings of systolic blood pressure is higher and the readings of diastolic blood pressure is lower then that is considered to be isolated systolic hypertension.

This kind of isolated systolic hypertension in common in aged people. Some people along with high pressure they will also have diabetes and kidney problems. These kind of people need special care and treatment.

When in case if the hypertension does not respond to any kind of treatment then it is called resistive type.

Exercise Hypertension

Pressure increases to a certain extent when a person exercises. But when it increases to abnormal levels then it is called exercise hypertension. Physicians use exercise hypertension to monitor the patient and decide if they can have high pressure when they are at rest.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

When a person feels giddy, out of mind and has some vision problems along with vomiting then there is high chance that the person can have high blood pressure. When the small blood vessels are squeezed brain swells. If these problems are not treated at early stage then it cannot be cured.

In case of kids, the symptoms can be lack of energy, headache, uneasy breathing, paralysis in face and nasal bleeding.

Secondary hypertension:

Another major cause of hypertension is imbalance in the hormone secretion. This will also increase blood pressure.

If a person is very fat and has some purple stretches in the under belly then it is called Cushing’s syndrome. Mixture of both diabetes and hypertension is also known as Cushing’s syndrome.

Abnormal secretion of hormone is called hyperthyroidism. This can also cause high pressure.

Along with these symptoms and other causes present in the individuals physicians conclude upon hypertension and then classify it.

Connection between pregnancy and hypertension

When a woman is pregnant it is normal to get hypertension. This kind of hypertension is temporary in nature. But in a few cases it may cause serious side effects like protein content in urine, swelling in whole body etc.